Lumière! The invention of the cinema
In 1895, Louis and Auguste Lumière invented the Cinematograph. They shot some of the earliest films in the history of the cinema and made possible this novel, collective experience: watching a film on a large screen to share laughter and tears and discover the unknown… Complete with production, subjects, genres, travelling and remakes, they also invented the art of filming.
the world in 360°
In 1900, Louis Lumière filed the patent for the Photorama, the first panoramic photographic process that permitted the projection in a rotunda of a single picture presenting a 360-degree panoramic view. From February 1902 to the spring of 1903, over 600 panoramic photographs were taken and projected in Paris, in a room measuring 20 meters in diameter.
3D cinema is not a contemporary phenomenon because in 1935, Louis Lumière had already presented a process for 3D films. It was a 3D remake of one of the early Lumière films, Arrivée du train en gare de La Ciotat [Arrival of the train at “La Ciotat” station], that is viewed through anaglyph glasses with blue/yellow lenses. Commercial exploitation began but the experiment turned out to have no immediate future. Louis Lumière declared that, “as long as 3D requires glasses, it will not expand”.
city of Lights… and of the Lumière family!
As the city of the invention of the Cinematograph, Lyon naturally became the subject of the first films. From March to June in 1895, all the films shot by the Lumière family were set exclusively in Lyon. In the end, 200 pictures were taken, including thirty showing the city and its architecture in detail.